After spending awake hours, either day or dawn, looking at the little one having a peaceful night’s sleep is like a dream. Behold, then, comes a louder sigh or a deeper breath. Ok, it could be normal! But what if the noise gets loud? Well, the famous snore also shows in the lives of babies. The act may reveal several problems, but the earlier the diagnosis is made, the more efficient the treatment will be.
So keep calm and take a deep breath! If the problem arises, just pay attention to whether it is just a soft noise or if it really affects his breathing. To make sure you sleep in peace, we have shown that this noise does scare, but it can be much more common than you might think.
How to differentiate
For starters, it is important to differentiate snoring from lighter noises. “The infant baby (who still feeds on milk) can make some noises and little snores. It is important to assess whether the noise is more intense and follows a breathing pause. This is because it is normal for him to make some sounds, but constant snoring with difficulty breathing, ie shortness of breath, may be a warning sign for a sleep apnea, ”explains Leticia Maria S. Franco Azevedo Soster, mother of Nina, and neuropediatrician at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein (SP). This sound that makes the mother literally sleepless, especially in the first weeks of her son’s life, is a consequence of her still having very narrow airways – the airway – with small amounts of secretion.
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Such noises are the result of vibration of this secretion and airway tissues, especially the nose and throat. “The presence of episodes when the baby turns purple, with prolonged breathing pauses or obstructions during sleep or even the fact that he cannot suckle and breathe through his nose at the same time are the real indications that something may be wrong and then yes, they require medical evaluation ”, explains Raimar Weber, father of Alvaro e Olavo, otolaryngologist at Sabará Children’s Hospital (SP). If the noise is even harmless, it tends to disappear as the baby grows older. This is because around the 5th or 6th month of life it will be twice the weight it had at birth, at which time the airway diameter also increases, eliminating the symptoms for most children.
Sleep vs. Development
Although it may be transient, in more serious cases snoring poses a danger to your child’s sleep – even if he seems to sleep soundly. “Children who have apnea and breathing difficulties have poor sleep. In addition to showing more daytime sleepiness and irritation, the lack of deep sleep stages can interfere with the release of growth hormone, which occurs in peaks in these phases, and weight gain as well, ”warns the otolaryngologist. Snoring also causes the child to spend a lot of energy breathing, which can make it difficult to feed as well.
The result may appear to delay neuropsychomotor acquisition. “The child may have learning and coordination disorders,” says Leticia.
Surgery. And now?
That name gives chills, we know. But with the support of a trusted professional, everything can get lighter. After all, there are situations in which surgery will be the first and only treatment option. “The need for a surgical intervention will depend on the evaluation of three factors: the size of the amygdala, how snoring acts on the interference of sleep and also on the child’s routine,” explains Leticia. There are also specific cases, such as the presence of tumors within the nose or throat, malformations such as choana atresia – in which the child is born with part of the back of the nose closed – and syndromes or conditions with changes in the facial skeleton – such as for example, the presence of a very small jaw, micrognathia. “However, if there is any clinical treatment that can solve the problem,
Prevention and treatment
Proper treatment of infections such as sinusitis and tonsillitis, as well as the control of rhinitis, eliminates the stimuli that may lead to enlargement of the adenoid, tonsils and lower nasal conchae, but is a good precaution. “Another of the primary precautions for reducing the risk of developing allergies and infections is by encouraging breastfeeding, combating smoking and proper environmental hygiene. There is also growing concern related to the increase in childhood obesity and diseases secondary to this condition ”, details Natacha Sakai, mother of Lucas and Arthur, pediatrician at the Edmundo Vasconcelos Hospital Complex (SP). Washing the nose with saline helps to improve the natural airway cleansing mechanism and plays an important role in controlling these allergies.